Special Data Dissemination Standard
|The Data: Coverage, Periodicity, and Timeliness|
5.1.1 Statistical presentation
Data are disseminated for 3 separate consumer price indices:
· the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI [IW]);
· the Consumer Price Index for Rural Labourers (CPI [AL/RL]) and
· the Consumer Price Index (Rural,Urban,Combined)
For CPI(IW), the consumption of goods and services are classified as per the standard grouping as listed below :
A. Food :
a) Cereals and Cereal products
B. Pan (betel leaves), Supari (Areca nut), Tobacco & Intoxicants
C. Fuel & Lighting
E. Clothing, Bedding & Footwear
F. Miscellaneous :
a) Medical care
B. Consumer Price Index Number for Agricultural/Rural Laborers [CPI(AL/RL)]
C. Consumer Price Index (Rural,Urban,Combined) [CPI(R,U,C)]
4.1.2 TimelinessWithin one month after the end of the reference month.
|Access by the Public|
|Advance dissemination of
5.1.3 Advance release calendarAn advance release calendar which gives one-quarter-ahead notice of the precise release dates is disseminated on the Internet on the IMF's Data Dissemination Bulletin Board (DSBB). A regular notice to this effect is published in the Press Note on Consumer Price Index (Industrial Workers).
|Simultaneous release to all
5.1.4 Simultaneous release
The index is released simultaneously to all users on the date specified in the pre-announced schedule. No advance information is provided for any parties.
The CPI (IW) and CPI (AL/RL) data are released simultaneously to all interested parties by the Labour Bureau by issuing the press releases Press Note on Consumer Price Index (Industrial Workers) and Press Note on Consumer Price Index (Rural Labourers). The data are subsequently posted on the Labour Bureau's Internet website at https://22.214.171.124:8080/cpiindex/
The broad based CPI( Rural,Urban,Combined) data are released simultaneously to all interested parties by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation by issuing the press release Press Note on Consumer Price Index. The data are subsequently posted on the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation following website: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/cpi_press_release.htm
|Dissemination of terms and
conditions under which
official statistics are
produced, including those
relating to the confidentiality
of individually identifiable
0.1.1 Responsibility for collecting, processing, and disseminating statistics
In accordance with the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, as amended from time to time, it is the responsibility of the Ministry of Labour to compile and release the data on the CPI for Industrial Workers and the data on the CPI for Agricultural/Rural Labourers. Further, it is the responsibility of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation to compile and release the data on the broad based CPI (Rural,Urban,Combined).
0.1.2 Data sharing and coordination among data producing agencies
There is no ongoing data sharing between the divisions in the Labour Bureau responsible for the CPI-IW and CPI-AL/RL or between the Labour Bureau and Central Statistics Office, which compiles CPI.
0.1.3 Confidentiality of individual reporters' data
The confidentiality of individual respondents' data is maintained through Data Dissemination Policy approved by Union Government of India. The index series are published on a level of aggregation that prevents direct or indirect disclosure of individual data. Group,sub group indices of CPI(R,U,C) and item level CPI(C) are available on the website of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
0.1.4 Ensuring statistical reporting
There is no formal legal authority to obtain requested data from respondents. Data are collected on a voluntary basis by making visits.
0.2.1 Staff, facilities, computing resources, and financing
The number of the staff is adequate to perform the required tasks. Senior as well as junior staff is knowledgeable about CPI concepts and methods of index calculation. There is high awareness of the need to ensure as far as possible consistency between the concept and purpose of the index and the methods applied. Also considerable efforts are devoted to ensure a robust production process in order to ensure the collection, compilation and publication of the index on a timely basis.
Further, sufficient computer resources and financial resources for compiling the statistical series have been allocated for performing the required tasks.
0.2.2 Ensuring efficient use of resources
Rules of data validation as well as index compilation procedures and data file formats are harmonized so that the reporting of prices, validation of the data and compilation of indices can be undertaken efficiently and timely.
0.3.1 Monitoring user requirements
New or emerging data requirements as well as methodological issues are deliberated and decisions taken in the meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee on Statistics of Prices and Cost of Living (TAC on SPCL). Meetings of this Committee are periodically convened with the main users of the index to review existing statistical series and methods. Users are also welcome to raise questions and to give suggestions to the concerned Departments.
0.4.1 Quality policy
Officers and staff are carefully instructed to comply strictly with all rules regarding integrity and confidentiality to prevent any influence from other parties. Consistency in concepts as well as in published data are also an issue of high priority as even very small discrepancies or ambiguities in the published indexes may have considerable effect as many wages and allowances are adjusted according to the different CPIs. Staff are, therefore, trained and instructed to follow rules and procedures in the compilation of the index to ensure the quality.
0.4.2 Quality monitoring
Measures are in place to monitor the quality of the various statistical stages. Through the regional offices and the price supervisors, efforts are continuously made to ensure that the guidelines for price collectors are followed. The processing of data is carefully checked each month according to a fixed schedule for checking and validation of data, both manually and automatically. Indexes down to item level are checked and cross-checked across item groups and centers. Before publication the final index figures are doubly checked to prevent mistakes.The TAC on SPCL provides guidance and recommendations on the quality of the index series and on strategies for improving data production. Although this body is advisory, its recommendations are followed in practice.
1.1.1 Impartiality of statistics
The Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 address the general need for the professional independence of the data producing agency and prohibits interference from others, including other government agencies, in the compilation and/or dissemination of the Consumer Price Indices. There is thus a long standing tradition of non-interference and impartiality.
1.1.2 Selection of sources, methodology, and modes of dissemination
The choice of source data and statistical techniques for sampling, processing and validation is based solely on statistical considerations. Methodological documents are also available in respect of these indices on homepages of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation [for CPI (Rural,Urban,Combined)] and the Labour Bureau [for CPI (IW) and CPI(AL/RL)].
1.1.3 Commenting on erroneous interpretation and misuse of statistics
Efforts to prevent misinterpretation or misuse of statistics are made by providing explanatory materials and documentation.
1.2.1 Disclosure of terms and conditions for statistical collection, processing, and dissemination
The terms and conditions under which the index is compiled and disseminated, are publicly available in homepages of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation [for CPI (Rural,Urban,Combined)] and the Labour Bureau [for CPI(IW) and CPI(AL/RL)].
1.3.1 Guidelines for staff behavior
Guidelines for staff behavior are outlined in the Civil Services Conduct Rules, which are implemented and followed in the daily work in the data producing agencies and in the contact with users and respondents.
|Identification of internal
government access to data
1.2.2 Internal governmental access to statistics prior to release
The Index is released through Press Note at fixed date and time. Pre release access of CPI (R,U,C) is given only to the Ministry of Finance, about one hour before the release in sealed cover.
|Identification of ministerial
commentary on the occasion
of statistical releases
1.2.3 Attribution of statistical products
Data released to the public are clearly identified as the product of Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation or Labour Bureau, as the case may be.
|Provision of information
about revision and advance
notice of major changes in
4.3.1 Revision scheduleThe data for the CPI (IW), CPI (AL/RL) are final when first released and are not subject to revision. Provisional monthly CPI (Rural,Urban,Combined) numbers are released on 12th of the following month (next working day if it is a holiday). Final indices are released along with the provisional indices of the next month. Revision of weights is undertaken by the Labour Bureau in consultation with CSO and TAC on SPCL. The weighting data have not been revised regularly, say, every five or ten years.
4.3.2 Identification of preliminary and/or revised data
1.2.4 Advance notice of major changes in methodology, source data, and statistical techniques.
Major changes in methodology, sources, and statistical techniques are introduced only after the recommendation of the TAC on SPCL in case of CPI (Rural,Urban,Combined). In case of CPI (IW) these changes are incorporated after thorough discussion and agreement in the tripartite meetings and consultations with the TAC on SPCL. Notices of changes are released to the general public at the time when the revisions take place.
In the case of the CPI (IW) and the CPI (RL), the public are informed of major changes in methodology through a statement in the monthly "Indian Labour Journal" and Labour Bureau’s website. In case of CPI(Rural,Urban,Combined), the advance notices are put on the website of Ministry of Statistics and PI.
documentation on methodology
and sources used in preparing
5.2.1 Dissemination of documentation on concepts, scope, classifications, basis of recording, data sources, and statistical techniques
Documentation on the methodology and data sources used in compilation of the consumer price indices (Rural,Urban,Combined) is available in the publication "CONSUMER PRICE INDEX: Changes in the Revised Series (Base Year 2012=100)" on the ministry’s web site.
Documentation on the methodology and data sources used in the compilation of the consumer price indices for industrial workers (CPI IW) and rural labourers (CPI RL) is available from contact person No. 2.
5.2.2 Disseminated level of detailThe level of detail is adapted to the needs of the intended audience. All India Indices for CPI(Rural,Urban,Combined) are released at sub group level and for State/UTs , Group level Indices are released. Item level Indices for All India CPI(Combined) are available from January 2011 onwards.
|Dissemination of component
detail, reconciliations with
related data, and statistical
frameworks that support
and provide assurance of
4.2.1 Internal consistencyBoth the center-level and the all-India CPIs are consistent with the weighted average of the sub-indexes of the index. The overall all-India CPI is also consistent with the weighted average of center-level indexes.
4.2.2 Temporal consistencyConsistent time series data till the latest released index are available on the concerned Department’s website, including linking factors on center-level and for all-India between the new and the old CPI series.
4.2.3 Intersectoral and cross-domain consistencyDue to the specific index population coverage, the three CPIs – CPI-IW, CPI-AL/RL and CPI(Rural,Urban,Combined) are not consistent or reconcilable with each other. Divergences in the growth rates have been found in the three CPIs.
|Data Category Notes:
The e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org should be used for CPI_all India inquiries while email@example.com is for inquiries pertaining to IW, AL/RL.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has started releasing broad based Consumer Price Indices for all-India and States/UTs separately for rural, urban and combined for the purpose of intra temporal price comparison with effect from January, 2011 with 2010 as the base year. The Annual Inflation rates based on this series are being released from January 2012 every month.